The characteristics of local and national poverty

Living in poverty can make a person feel they are not needed or wanted by society. This in turn can affect local communities. If people do not feel valued, then they are less likely to take an interest in the area where they live.

Poverty can lead to:

  • Crime and vandalism – In areas where there is social inequality there is usually a higher rate of crime, particularly theft. In addition, people may not value the facilities they have or see the need to respect them.
  • Lack of social mobility – A person from a disadvantaged background may not be encouraged to see the value in getting a good education, or they may have to leave school early for economic reasons. They will be less likely to get a good job and escape the cycle of poverty.
  • Poor health – People on a low income may live in an unhealthy environment, eat a less nutritious diet and face stress and anxiety about their circumstances. People living in poverty may be more likely to be mentally ill or obese.