There are different opinions among Christians about the use of fertility treatment.
Some are not in favour as they see this as interfering with God’s plan. If God is seen as the sole creator of human life, this can lead to problems accepting a child who is created artificially in a laboratory. Other Christians disagree, seeing fertility treatment as a means of preventing suffering and distress for couples who cannot conceive naturally.
The Roman Catholic Church - Roman Catholic teaching supports the view that a marriage relationship should be open to children, but in a way that is in line with God’s intention for the creation of new life. Human beings should not be created in a laboratory. Processes which lead to the destruction of embryos are immoral, as human life begins at conception. In addition, the possible introduction of a third person into the marriage relationship is seen as adultery and is therefore wrong.
The Church of England - The Church of England is not against the use of IVFtechniques. However, the Church has expressed concern about whether treatment should be offered to same-sex couples and single women. In July 2003 the General Synod affirmed the sanctity of the human embryo and the need to treat it with profound respect. The Synod recognised there are different views among Christians on the morality of embryo research. (Report of Proceedings, 2003, General Synod July Group of Sessions, Church of England, page 234)
The Methodist Church - The Methodist Church believes it is right for scientists to try to learn more about the causes and cures of infertility. It accepts the use of ‘spare’ embryos in medical research, but only up to 14 days after fertilisation.
Artificial insemination by husband (AIH) and in vitro fertilisation (IVF):
IVF and spare embryos:
Artificial insemination by donor (AID) and surrogacy (requiring donor):