The role of the Trinity in creation

Christians believe that the Trinity was present at the creation of the world. God the Father is the creator, but Genesis 1 shows that the Holy Spirit also had a role: The Spirit of God was hovering over the water. And God said, ‘Let there be light.’ And there was light (Genesis 1:2–3).

The Gospel of John also describes the role of the Son of God (Jesus), referring to him as the ‘Word’:

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made.John 1:1


There are various interpretations of the creation story. Different Christians have different beliefs, depending on their denomination and on their personal beliefs:

  • Literal - Some Christians interpret the creation stories in Genesis literally. For these Christians, God dictated the Bible, the events it describes happened exactly as written and everything in it is completely true.
  • Inspirational - Other Christians believe that the Bible was inspired by God but that the text was created by people. Because people make mistakes, there could be human errors in the text of the Bible. Therefore, the stories can be interpreted in many ways. For example, these Christians might question the duration of a ‘day’ in Genesis - in this context, could the word ‘day’ actually mean an era?
  • Metaphorical - Some Christians believe that the stories are metaphors or symbolic descriptions. These Christians accept scientific theories about the origins of the universe, such as the Big Bang theory.

According to the book of Genesis, what did God create first?

“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth” (Genesis 1:1).