Little Rock 1957

Causes

In 1957, desegregation laws came into effect at Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas.

Students escorted into school by US soldiers
Little Rock students

Central High decided to admit nine black students in September.

Events

This was opposed by the Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus who sent state soldiers to the school to stop the black students entering.

President Eisenhower ordered Faubus to remove the state soldiers. He also sent 1000 US soldiers to protect the black students on their way to and from school.

Although they were subject to threats and violence the black students never retaliated.

One of the students, Elizabeth Eckford recalled my knees started to shake and I wondered if I would make it to school. The crowd moved closer. Somebody started yelling ‘Drag her over to this tree! Let’s take care of that nigger.

Impact

The events in Little Rock attracted worldwide attention to the civil rights movement and can be seen to have directly influenced the Civil Rights Act of 1957.

Some have argued that, despite the intervention of the government, the events at Little Rock changed almost nothing for the majority.

The video below describes the events of the Little Rock crisis 1957.