Muhammad spent a lot of his time in prayer and meditation. On one of these occasions, he received the first revelation of the Qur’an from Allah. Muslims know this as the Night of Power.
Muhammad’s early messages instructed his people to worship only one God, Allah. The messages explained that, after the death of their bodies, God would judge each person to decide whether or not they should be let into Paradise.
When he first tried to preach the message of the Qur’an, Muhammad was not listened to and people turned against him. He spent a lot of time in the city of Madinah, where he became a political and religious leader.
The book containing God's revelation to Muhammad, the Qur’an, is the main holy book for Muslims.
Muslims believe that the Qur’an must be respected since it is the word of Allah. For example, it cannot touch the ground and it must be kept on a higher shelf than all other books.
Many Muslims perform ritual washing (Wudu) before handling or reading the pages of the Qur’an. In some situations, a Muslim must bathe before handling the Qur’an. If a person cannot wash before handling the Qur’an, then gloves or an alternative barrier may be worn.
Some Muslims believe that a non-Muslim must not handle the text if it is printed in Arabic, but it is acceptable for them to touch and read a translated copy.
Over how many years was the Qur’an revealed to Muhammad?