Antarctica is one of the coldest places on Earth with ninety-nine percent of it covered by an ice sheet. Scientists worry about the ice melting due to environmental issues such as climate change.
Which of the following words could describe Antarctica?
How do the seasons in Antarctica compare with those experienced in the UK?
They are identical
They do not have defined seasons like we have in the UK
They are opposite to the seasons in the UK
What happens during the Antarctic winter?
There is complete darkness
It snows every day
All of the animals leave
Antarctica has a high albedo. What does this mean?
Antarctica is white in colour so a lot of energy from the Sun is reflected back into space
There are lots of plants and animals that live there
There are lots of blizzards there
How do icebergs form?
From the sea freezing
From snow falling onto the cold sea
How have scientists in Antarctica been able to study the climate of the past?
By looking at old records
By ice core analysis
Through old books and paintings
Why are scientists concerned about the thinning of the ice sheets in Antarctica?
Because the melting of ice sheets could cause sea levels to rise
Because the melting of ice sheets could make penguins extinct
Because the melting of ice sheets could mean that scientists in Antarctica have nowhere to live
What does the ozone layer do?
Keeps the earth cool
Stops the harmful rays from the sun
Which chemicals have been linked with ozone depletion?
Where is the area of damaged ozone?
Over the Antarctic
Over the UK