Development of the Protestant faith

In 1545 the English had encouraged George Wishart to tour Scotland, and spread Protestant ideas by preaching. This inspired future Protestant leaders like John Knox.

When Cardinal Beaton had George Wishart executed, he became more unpopular with the Protestants and in 1545 Beaton himself was murdered by Protestants in St Andrews Castle.

After the Battle of Pinkie in 1547, English soldiers gave English translations of the Bible to local people.

Opposition to Catholic dominance in Scotland

In 1557 a group of Scottish Lords united to promote the Protestant faith. They became known as the Lords of the Congregation.

By 1558, Protestant congregations began to meet using the English Prayer Book for their services.

They were encouraged by the fact that there was now a Protestant Queen of England. In 1559 Perth and Dundee announced that they were now also Protestant towns.