In many deprived communities the future is uncertain. Some farmers are leaving the business altogether due to reduced profit margins and competition from overseas.
In urban areas there is a range of health services such as clinics, pharmacies and hospitals.
There are nurseries, primary and secondary schools, colleges and universities as well as a range of training centres and adult learning centres in urban areas. However, in rural communities people are vulnerable and lack these opportunities because the essential health and education services are not available locally. Some have to travel over 100 miles across borders to access health support or go to university.
On the Llŷn Peninsula in north-west Wales, there are only three health centres serving the entire region. The main hospital is over 30 miles away in Bangor, a large town on the northern coastline of Wales. For specialist care, patients often have to travel to Liverpool, 100 miles away or Birmingham, 150 miles away.
Elderly people often feel more isolated than younger generations. This is because they often have more frequent visits to health services many miles away. They also rely more on public transport to take them places, which can result in longer or unreliable journeys.