Consequences of Elizabeth I's reign

  • She was popular. In 1588 the troops at Tilbury shouted Gloriana!, which means 'glorious woman', and in 1590, the poet Edmund Spenser made 'Gloriana' the heroine of his poem The Faerie Queene.
  • Her reign was a time of art, music and literature with the talents of William Shakespeare flourishing at this time. It is often known as 'the Golden Age of English history'.
  • Her long reign created stability. When she died, James VI of Scotland, the son of her cousin Mary Queen of Scots, inherited the throne peacefully.
  • By the end of her reign, the Church of England was safe, and there was no chance of a War of Religion.
  • During her reign, the first colony of the British Empire was set up - Virginia in North America.
  • By the end of her reign, England was a world power. Pope Sixtus V could not understand it:
"She is only a woman, only mistress of half an island, and yet she makes herself feared by Spain, by France, by all."Pope Sixtus V