Land use

Conflicts and solutions

The variety of different land uses inevitably leads to disagreements. Most of this conflict is caused by the mass influx of tourists to the region. As there are so many different landowners and land users many conflicts arise, so we will focus on two and look at the various management strategies designed to minimise them.

Yorkshire Dales - conflicts and solutions

Conflict 1: locals vs tourists

ProblemsSolutions
The limestone pavements suffer from wear and tear and from the removal of stone, because of the sheer number of visitorsLegislation and a warden service are in place to protect limestone pavements
Severe traffic congestion on local roads near to main attractions like Malham Cove limits the movement of locals especially during peak seasonThe use of public transport and a Dales Bike Bus which can carry 24 bikes, are promoted
An increase in vehicles results in a build-up of air and noise pollution from car exhaustsCycling is promoted within the park and there are a number of cycle paths
The demand for car parking exceeds the number of spaces provided, which results in parking on grass vergesSome farmers open up fields for car parking during peak season. A Dales visitor guide which advises visitors on environmentally positive behaviour has been published
Footpaths have been eroded particularly in the areas around Malham Cove and Gordale ScarSurfacing busy paths and building steps up the side of Malham Cove to prevent further erosion
Litter detracts from the appearance of the areaLitter bins have been removed in the hope that visitors will take litter home
House prices in the area increase partly because of incomers wishing to live there and partly because of the demand for second homes; first-time buyers are unable to get onto the property ladderNational government offers help to first time buyers through affordable home ownership schemes
Areas begin to look artificial as tourist facilities, signs and man-made walkways are constructedDeveloping a wider spread of ‘honeypot’ areas, and the local authority can refuse planning permission for new unsightly developments that conflict with the aims of the National Park

Conflict 2: tourists vs industry

ProblemsSolutions
Quarries are eyesores on the landscape and spoil the natural beauty of the areaNational Park authorities can insist on companies screening quarries behind trees to reduce visual pollution
The large lorries needed to remove the quarried stone cause vast amounts of air pollutionPromoting rail transport, eg upgrading the rail facilities at Swinden Quarry near Skipton. Covering the lorries helps to reduce dust
Lorries moving quarried rock cause traffic congestion on narrow country roadsThe movement of trucks can be restricted to certain times of the day
The blasting of rocks causes noise pollutionBlasting can be restricted to certain times of the day
Some wildlife habitats may also be destroyedNature reserves can be located away from quarries to protect wildlife
Quarries can leave a scarred landscape when they are finally abandonedEnsuring the restoration of quarries, eg they can be filled in and landscaped, or turned into a lake or nature reserve
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