Our weather is affected by a number of factors:

Images showing how weather is affected by factors such latitude, relief, aspect and distance from the sea

  • Latitude - places closer to the equator are usually warmer, and places nearer to the North Pole and South Pole are colder.
  • Relief - places located on flat low-lying land are warmer and places higher up, ie mountains, are colder and wetter.
  • Aspect - places which are south-facing are warmer and places which are north-facing are colder.
  • Distance from the sea - places nearer to the sea are mild and wet, and places further from the sea are drier, but temperatures are more extreme.