Below are a variety of designers who have become known for a particular style or approach to design:
Harry Beck was a technical draughtsman who redesigned the London Underground map. It was a radically different map to anything produced before but was soon copied by many other cities.
Coco Chanel was the founder of one of the world’s most famous fashion names. She was known for her trademark suits and interpretations of the ‘Little Black Dress’, and produced what is now considered examples of classic design.
Westwood brought punk fashion to the fore in the 1970s. Her fashion collections are often inspired by historical paintings and costumes showing pirates and witches.
Williams Morris was a designer and artist best known for his bold, nature-themed fabric and wallpaper prints. He was part of the Arts and Crafts movement, with a love of craftsmanship and a hatred of mass-produced products.
Breuer was one of the world’s most popular architects of the 20th century. Before he was an architect, he designed and made a series of design classic chairs, including the Wassily chair and bicycle-handle inspired tubular steel chairs.
Foster is an architect who specialises in glass and metal buildings such as The Gherkin and Millennium Bridge in London.
Sottsass was the founder of the Memphis movement. As an architect and designer he was known for geometric shapes and bright colours.
Templier was a jewellery designer in the Art Deco geometric style.
During the 1970s, Alberto Alessi began employing product designers to make original and fun designs for everyday kitchen equipment. The bright colours and stylish designs were mass produced and affordable to everyone.
Jony Ive led the design team at Apple who focussed on simplicity in design to create the iPod and iPhone. Their concentration on intuitive design combined with sleek edges has become instantly recognisable.
Sir James Dyson reinvented the vacuum cleaner to no longer need a bag. He famously prototyped thousands of designs before refining his cyclone-suction, bag-free design.
Originally from Ireland and called Penneys, Primark specialises in the production of fast-fashion clothes. They are mass-produced, meaning they are low cost and can be changed regularly to keep up with market trends.
American footballer Kevin Plank started this sportswear company with an undershirt that could wick away sweat. The company now sells a range of sports equipment.
Opened in America in 1969, the Gap shop specialised in everyday jeans and shirts. Through creative advertising and staple products, they have maintained popularity across the world.