The CPC justifies its role in decision-making in China by asserting that only through communism can the country be held together and China develop its full potential. Chinese leaders reject Western democratic ideas claiming these would lead to social and economic chaos.
The Chinese Constitution acknowledges the leading role of the CPC. It claims the CPC is the only organisation by which progressive ideas enhancing the lives of all the people of China can be carried forward. Therefore, once a policy decision has been reached at any governmental level, support is mandatory.
Note: Although China is effectively a 'one party state' there are a number of other political parties in China. For example, the China Democratic League has over 200,000 members. However, these other political parties are not in opposition to the CPC but support the CPC in taking China forward.
Around 7 per cent (85 million) of the people of China are members of the CPC. Membership is by invitation and only those who strongly support the policies of the CPC are asked to join. Membership of the CPC brings opportunities for individuals to gain promotion in the workplace, obtain better housing, and have access to the best health and education services.
In recent years, there have been allegations against members of the CPC of nepotism and cronyism (looking after ones family/friends first) and corruption. Often people who are members of the CPC are disliked because of their privileged position.