In Animal Farm, Orwell uses the animals and their actions to make the reader think about equality and inequality. Before 1917, the majority of Russian people suffered from great inequality - they had far less money and food than the ruling classes.
Likewise, before the rebellion in Animal Farm Mr Jones takes everything that the animals have away from them. After the Rebellion the animals are free from the tyranny of Mr Jones and seek to establish equality amongst themselves.
One of the Commandments is 'All animals are equal'. However, this equality is short-lived and the pigs begin to bend the rules until inequality returns to the farm.
In Animal Farm, Orwell explores equality and inequality through:
|How does Orwell show this?||Evidence||Analysis|
|Animals and mankind||During Old Major's speech he talks about how 'no animal is free' and that life for them is 'one of slavery' and that 'man is the only creature who consumes without producing'.||"Man serves the interest of no creature except himself."||This short and blunt sentence shows Old Major's opinion about the inequality between men and animals.|
|The rebellion||After the rebellion, the animals agree on Seven Commandments that they will now live by - to make sure everything is fair and equal.||"All animals are equal."||A simple sentence but hugely effective. There is no room for argument or debate here - the intention of the animals is very clear.|
|The pigs taking control||When the pigs take control they move into the farmhouse and sleep in beds - creating inequality between themselves and the other animals.||"You would not rob us of our repose, would you, comrades? You would not have us too tired to carry out our duties? Surely none of you wishes to see Jones back?"||Squealer argues here that without 'repose' the pigs can't carry out their work and so Mr Jones will return. Squealer uses personal pronouns to create a difference between the pigs and the other animals.|
How does Orwell explore equality and inequality in Animal Farm?