The Weimar Republic was created at a time of confusion and chaos after Germany had lost World War One. People were starving, the Kaiser had fled and the new Republic got off to a troubled start for two reasons:
The main terms of the treaty were as follows (remember BRAT):
Blame - Germany was forced to accept the blame for starting the war under article 231 of the treaty, known as the War Guilt Clause.
Reparations - This was the name given to the money Germany had to pay for the damage suffered by Britain and France during the war. In 1922 the amount to be paid was set at £6.6 billion.
Armed Forces - Germany’s army and navy were significantly reduced in size and its air force abolished. This meant that a maximum of 100,000 troops were allowed in the army and conscription (compulsory service) and tanks were banned. Germany’s navy was reduced to 15,000 personnel, allowed only 6 battleships and no submarines.
Territory - Germany lost land on all sides of its borders as well as its overseas colonies (other countries under Germany’s control). In Europe:
A lot happened in the Rhineland and the Ruhr in a very short space of time! The Rhineland was demilitarised (no German forces) and the Ruhr was occupied (by French forces when Germany did not pay its reparations).