The Republic was meant to be a representative democracy that looked after the interests of all Germans. But there was a problem – many Germans did not like the idea of democracy, and the constitution contained two major flaws.
A genuine democracy - Elections for parliament and president took place every four years and all Germans over 20 could vote.
A Bill of Rights - This guaranteed every German citizen freedom of speech and religion, and equality under the law.
Proportional representation - Each party got the same percentage of seats in parliament as the percentage of votes it received in an election. This meant there were lots of small parties in Parliament making it difficult to pass laws and led to weak and often short-lived governments.
Article 48 - This gave the president the power to act without parliament’s approval in an emergency. However, it did not clearly define what an 'emergency' was, so the power was overused, which weakened Germans’ confidence in democracy.