Information on developed countries

In developed countries like the UK both birth rates and death rates are low.

Birth rates are low because:

  • Women's status has improved.
  • Contraception and family planning is more readily available.
  • Careers are more important than having a family.
  • The cost of raising a family has increased.
  • People marry later, so less opportunity to have large families.
  • Increased desire for material possessions, eg cars and holidays instead of children.

Death rates are low because of:

  • Advances in modern medicine.
  • Vaccinations against disease, eg measles.
  • Improvements in water and sanitation.
  • Enhanced food production and storage.
  • Better transport for food.
  • Lower infant death rates.

The population in the developed world is therefore fairly stable and neither rising nor falling significantly.