Population structures

Developed country

A population pyramid showing the percentages of the people living in the UK

The population pyramid of the UK shows low birth and low death rates, and high life expectancy.

The effects of this population structure are as follows:

  • Too many elderly people, puts an added strain on services e.g. health care.
  • Extra money is required to build more care homes to accommodate elderly people.
  • Fewer children born means that less maternity hospitals and schools are needed.
  • People have to work longer as the age of retirement is raised.

Developing country

A population pyramid showing the percentages of the people living in India

The population pyramid of India shows high birth and death rates and low life expectancy.

The effects of this population structure are as follows:

  • Too many young people, puts an added strain on services e.g. health care.
  • Extra money is required to build more schools to accommodate children.
  • More teachers and midwives are required to be trained.
  • Not enough homes, so shanty towns increase.