Following the death of Mark Duggan, who was shot dead by police officers in London in August 2011, thousands of people in towns and cities across England took to the streets in protest.
This resulted in a wave of violence. People took part in crimes such as looting and arson and there was a mass deployment of police to try to control the situation.
The authorities and the media referred to these events as riots, while others described them as protests. Some people referred to the events as "BlackBerry riots" because a number of people used mobile devices and social media to organise the rioting.
For reflection and discussion
How do you think the looters/arsonists should have been punished? What aim of punishment would you think to be most important (reform/retribution/protection/deterrence/reparation)?
How do you think a Sikh would suggest they should be punished? Give reasons for your answer.