Concertos have three movements – fast, slow, fast.
Baroque composers who wrote concertos include Vivaldi, Bach and Handel. Vivaldi wrote over 500 concertos and half of them were for violin.
There were two types of Baroque concerto - the concerto grosso and the solo concerto.
The Baroque concerto grosso:
Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 is an example of the concerto grosso. When the piece opens there is a solo group of violin and two flutes are prominent and they are joined by the ripieno strings. The harpsichord is played in the continuo.
The Baroque solo concerto:
Vivaldi’s Four Seasons is a well-known example of the Baroque solo violin concerto. In this piece there is a marked contrast between solo violin and ripieno passages.
Notice the contrast between solo violin and ripieno passages.