What are human rights?

A right is a moral entitlement to have or do something. A human right is a right that belongs to everyone.

Human rights have not always been guaranteed and, even today, many people have their human rights ignored and abused.

Why do we need human rights?

Human rights help to:

  • protect people from harm and abuse by the government, public bodies, and other groups;
  • protect people from discrimination by the government, public bodies, and employers, so that everyone has equal opportunities;
  • protect the most vulnerable groups such as children and the elderly;
  • ensure that all laws the government passes meet international human rights standards;
  • safeguard the survival of individuals — everyone has the right to life;
  • ensure access to affordable housing, healthcare, and education.