Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde - Themes overview

Themes are ideas that run all the way through a literary text. They are great to analyse because you can discuss the writer's intentions - what have they done? Why? What are they trying to make the reader think and feel? This allows your analysis to be extended and developed, allowing for you to write comprehensively about a given literary text.

Themes of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, showing flasks for scientific development, leaves and a pentagram for nature vs the supernatural, and the faces of Jekyll and Hyde showing the duality of human nature

In Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde there are many themes you can analyse.

  • scientific development
  • good vs evil and the duality of human nature
  • nature and the supernatural

You will notice that some of these are opposites and these can be referred to as binary opposites or complete opposites. Examples of binary opposites are: hot and cold, wet and dry, light and dark.

There are many binary opposites apparent in Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

Song: Themes in Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde