Patterns of migration

People migrate all the time...

Within the EU

Since the EU was formed, it is easier to migrate between countries.

Within the EU migrants may come:

  • from different countries in the EU
  • from outside of the EU

In 2004, Poland and seven other Eastern European countries joined the EU. This increased migration into the UK. The largest group of migrants were from Poland.

Migration from outside the EU

Immigrants after the world wars mainly came from Commonwealth countries. Immigration was encouraged by the government. Many immigrants provided labour for textile factories, transport, health or steelworks. The UK tightened migration controls in the 1970s.

Global migration

There are sometimes patterns of migration globally as the map below shows.

Map of 1918 migration from East Europe to North America

Worldwide migration trends 1918-1919

Eastern Europe to USA and Canada