A tax had to be paid in order to be able to vote, and most black people were too poor to pay the tax.
In order to be able to vote, people had to prove that they could read difficult extracts. However, if black people passed these tests, they would then be threatened and attacked so that they would not vote anyway.
White people believed that the Jim Crow laws made races ‘separate but equal’. However, this was disputed by most black people.
They agreed that the laws kept the races apart but that facilities were overwhelmingly unequal.