Wherever possible, countries exploit the resources found in their tundra environments to help them increase income and secure energy supplies. To ensure the tundra is conserved for future generations, sustainable development is absolutely crucial for its survival.
Reducing global warming is crucial to protecting the tundra environment because the heating up of Arctic areas is threatening the existence of this fragile environment. Most governments have promised to reduce greenhouse gases by signing up to the Kyoto Protocol. But the USA - the world's biggest greenhouse gas emitter - refuses to agree to the treaty.