Non-communicable diseases are not transferred between people, eg cancer, diabetes, genetic and neurological disorders and heart disease. Risk factors increase the chances of developing these diseases.
What is the carcinogen in cigarettes?
Which of the following is a major risk factor in developing cardiovascular disease?
Which organ in the body can regenerate?
What type of drug is alcohol?
Which hormone reduces blood sugar?
Which of the following is the best definition of a non-communicable disease?
A disease that is spread by the transfer of pathogens
A disorder you inherit from your parents
A disease that cannot be transferred from person to person
Which of the following best explains how cigarettes cause lung cancer?
Smoking cigarettes transfers viruses that cause cancers
Cigarettes contains nicotine
Cigarette smoke contains chemical carcinogens
If, in an investigation of a disease, two sets of data show a correlation, what must a scientist do to establish that it was a change in one variable that led to a change in the other?
Increase the sample size in the investigation
Look for a possible mechanism by which one variable might affect the other
Carry out a statistical analysis on the two sets of data
Which of the following is an effect of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)?
Destruction of alveoli
A decrease in the sensitivity of the body's cells to insulin
A reduction in the risk of lung cancer
Which two measurements are needed to calculate BMI?
Weight and height
Weight and age
Waist and hip sizes