In Scotland people were discussing the arguments for and against Union with England.
Religion was important. People were worried about the future of the Scottish church and some feared the return of Catholicism, while others wanted it.
For some, the money and trade were important. Merchants debated about the possible benefit from Union and ship owners looked forward to trade with English colonies.
MPs and bankers were worried about the economy and everyone was keen for Scotland to be capable of supporting itself.
In 1707 public opinion was very much against Union. Mobs in Edinburgh and Glasgow protested against Union because of higher taxation and competition from English industry.
Therefore, in Parliament, MPs had to also consider popular feeling throughout Scotland.