Dividing with a single digit whole number

There are several techniques which can be used when dividing by a single digit whole number.

Using factors: example 1

Divide 1920 by 8\,(1920 \div  8)

As 2 \times 2 \times 2 = 8 therefore to divide 1920 by 8:

1920 \div 2 = 960

960 \div 2 = 480

480 \div 2 = 240

Therefore 1920 \div 8 = 240

Using factors: example 2

Divide 348 by 6 ( 348 \div  6)

As 2 \times 3 = 6 therefore to divide 348 by 6:

348 \div 2 = 174

174 \div 3 = 58

348 \div 6 = 58

A similar approach can be adopted for dividing by 4 (divide by 2 then divide by 2 again) and 9 (divide by 3 then divide by 3 again).

For some more complex divisions a more formal method is needed.