Electromagnetism is caused by the magnetic fields around wires carrying an electric current. The induced magnetic field of a wire can interact with other nearby magnets, producing a force.

To calculate the force on a wire carrying a current at right angles to a magnetic field, use the equation:

force on a conductor carrying a current = magnetic field strength × current × length

This is when:

- force (
*F*) is measured in newtons (N) - magnetic field strength (
*B*) in measured in tesla (T) - current ( ) is measured in amps (A)
- length (
*l*) is measured in metres (m)

A 50 cm wire carries a current of 2 A. Calculate the force acting on the wire when it is placed at right angles in a 0.4 T magnetic field.

**First convert the units:**

**Then substitute the values into the equation:**

force on a conductor carrying a current = magnetic field strength × current × length

force = 0.4 × 2 × 0.5

force = 0.4 N

- Question
A 5.0 cm wire carries a current of 0.75 A. Calculate the force acting on the wire when it is placed at right angles in a 0.60 T magnetic field.

5.0 cm = 5 ÷ 100 = 0.050 m

force on a conductor carrying a current = magnetic field strength × current × length

force = 0.60 × 0.75 × 0.050

force = 0.0225 N