The Nazis’ youth policies had mixed results.
There were some successes.
Overall, young people were the most easily attracted to the regimes and became some of its most active supporters.
But not all young people complied with Nazi demands.
Some even established their own rival groups, such as the Edelweiss Pirates, the Jazz Group and the Swing Group.
Indoctrination was not totally effective. It reinforced existing beliefs but was less successful in getting young people to accept new ideas. The Nazis had less success indoctrinating university students.
Young people became more disillusioned with the youth movements as the years passed. The repetitive marching and monotonous propaganda took the fun out of it, and eventually made young people disinterested in taking part.