In 1933, Hitler Youth (HJ) took over all youth movements in Germany, except Catholic ones (which were eliminated in 1936).
The HJ aimed to:
There were separate organisations for boys and girls, and for different age groups.
Boys enrolled in the movement at six years old, and joined the main group, Hitler Youth (HJ), at 14. By 1939, 90 per cent of German boys aged 14 and over were members.
Girls enrolled in the movement at the age of 10. They moved into the main wing, the League of German Maidens (BDM), at the age of 14.
There were different activities for boys and girls. Boys fired guns and marched, while girls learnt how to look after a family, but all undertook fitness and indoctrination classes.
There were many reasons why young people joined the movements: