Sustainable management of the savanna

Conservation is the key to protecting the Serengeti for future generations. A sustainable future could be achieved if the following policies are adopted:

  • local people employed by investors
  • respect given to local cultures and customs
  • Financial rewards from tourism given to local people
  • sustainable methods used to protect the environment
  • improved conservation education programmes set up for local communities and farmers

Possible strategies to achieve these goals:

  1. Harvesting branches rather then whole trees to prevent deforestation, soil erosion and desertification.
  2. Controlled burning of grassland to avoid wildfires.
  3. Crop rotation to keep a varied supply of nutrients in the soil and prevent soil erosion and desertification.
  4. Stones lined along the soil contours to keep soil in place, prevent erosion and improve crop yields. Projects such as this can involve the whole community and give them a sense of ownership and responsibility.
  5. Managing grazing land to avoid overgrazing, soil erosion and desertification.

Solutions to desertification - some disadvantages

  • Afforestation - newly planted trees need water, which will be a problem in a drought-stricken region.
  • Building stone lines - reduces soil erosion, but is a labour intensive process which diverts the community from tasks essential to their survival.
  • Decreasing livestock - solves the problem of overgrazing but requires people to adapt if they rely on cattle or goats for their livelihoods.

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