If a coronary artery is blocked, the blood supply to part of the heart muscle is cut off. That part of the heart cannot continue to contract, causing a heart attack.
There is no one perfect cure for cardiovascular disease. There are many different treatments which have both advantages and disadvantages.
|Statins||A daily medication to control blood cholesterol levels||Drugs reduce blood cholesterol levels||May cause side effects|
|Angioplasty||Surgery to insert a small balloon into a blood vessel which is then inflated to remove a blockage||Improved blood flow in coronary vessels preventing heart attack||Sometimes only a temporary measure|
|Lifestyle changes||Diet and exercise, stopping smoking etc||Reduces risk of heart disease and reduces blood pressure||A high level of willpower is required to maintain the changes|