Club dance music is technology-based with the DJ playing an important role in mixing and presenting tracks. It is characterised by:
The roots of club dance are in 1970s Jamaican dub, funk, disco and 1980s European synth-pop.
Jamaican dub is a style of reggae where new instrumental versions of songs are made by remixing. The mixing desk is used to allow different elements of the songs to be pushed backwards and forwards in the mix. Effects such as echo and reverb are added. Dub artists include Lee Scratch Perry.
Funk is jazzy, energetic, guitar driven and groove based. Funk artists include Sly and the Family Stone and James Brown.
European synth-pop uses lots of electronic instruments. Bands include Kraftwerk, the Pet Shop Boys and Depeche Mode.
Hip-hop was another early influence on dance music. Hip-hop is a US urban black culture which features DJing, breakdancing, and 'rap'. Some hip-hop DJs, notably Kool Herc, extended the breaks of records by mixing two copies of the same record.