Globalisation is where human activities take place on a worldwide scale so that we increasingly live in a 'global village'. Interdependence is when countries are linked together economically, socially, culturally and politically so that they are dependent on each other.
The drivers of globalisation
Globalisation, a term first used in the 1950s, is due to:
improvements in technology - internet access has expanded - mobile phones are widely available and affordable
improvements in telecommunications - the cost of data transmission has become cheaper due to a global fibre-optic cable network
improvements in transport - people now holiday in faraway destinations and businesses ship products globally
the growth of multinationals such as HSBC, McDonalds and Nike