Government intervention

When there have been large numbers of job losses in an area which has undergone de-industrialisation, such as South Wales, the government and the EU will often intervene to improve the environment and quality of life for local people. Other areas which have been affected include Merseyside, Tyneside and Belfast with the decline of shipbuilding.

Industry is actively encouraged to locate in areas of low employment with incentives such as grants, subsidies and low rents.

Improvements which have accompanied the re-industrialisation in South Wales include:

  • the Cardiff Bay and Swansea Waterfront redevelopments
  • the development of business parks
  • improvements in public transport
  • refurbishment of old industrial buildings

Industrial change in MEDCs