Pregnant women

During pregnancy the body's requirement for nutritious food becomes much higher as the foetus grows and develops, and also as the mother's body changes over a nine-month period.

Fat

Omega 3 and Omega 6 are required for the normal brain development of the baby.

As in all stages of life, intake of saturated fats should be limited.

Carbohydrate

Pregnant woman exercising

Different carbohydrates have different effects on the body.

Increased energy demands should be met by eating starchy carbohydrates.

Sugary carbohydrates should be avoided in order to prevent unnecessary weight gain during pregnancy.

Fibre-rich foods should be eaten where possible in order to help avoid constipation, which can be a problem during pregnancy. Examples include wholewheat pasta, wholegrain rice and wholemeal bread.

Protein

Protein requirements increase during pregnancy. This is due to the growing foetus, while the mother still requires protein for the repair and maintenance of her body cells and tissues.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is required to maintain a strong and healthy immune system, which is important during pregnancy.