A number of factors forced or encouraged people to leave Scotland after 1830. The Highland Clearances and competition for land, jobs and housing caused thousands of Scots to travel to the New World.
What are push factors?
Factors which attract people to a foreign country
Factors which force people to leave a country
Factors which force people to stay where they are
What are pull factors?
When did the first prison ship leave Britain for Australia?
Why were crofters forced from their land in the Scottish Highlands?
To make room for crops
To make room for sheep farming
To make room for new industries such as coal mines and fisheries
When was the year of the Sheep?
Who helped send orphaned children to the New World?
What did the Empire Settlement do?
Force people to settle in the New World to lower unemployment
Send prisoners to Australia to make Britain more safe
Provide money to help people emigrate and settle abroad
What spread through the Highlands in the 1840s?
When was gold discovered in South Africa?
What did foreign agents do in Scotland during the 1800s and early 1900s?
Try to find out state secrets
Try to disuade Scots from moving abroad
Try to persuade Scots to move abroad
Why did some Christians emigrate?
To escape non-Christians in Scotland
To convert non-Christians abroad
To find quieter, more religious lives