The female reproductive system

The parts that comprise the human female reproductive system: oviduct, ovary, uterus, cervix, vagina, bladder and urethra.The human female reproductive system


The two ovaries contain ova (eggs). Ova are the female gametes or sex cells. Women have these cells in their bodies from birth, whereas men produce new sperm continually.


Each ovary is connected to the uterus by an oviduct (fallopian tube). The oviduct is lined with ciliated cells. Every month, an ovum (egg) develops and becomes mature, and is released from an ovary. The cilia waft the ovum along inside the oviduct and into the uterus.

Uterus and cervix

The uterus is a muscular bag with a soft lining. It is where a baby develops until its birth. The cervix is a ring of muscle at the lower end of the uterus. It keeps the baby in place while the woman is pregnant.

Vagina and urethra

The vagina is a muscular tube that leads from the cervix to the outside of the woman's body. A man's penis goes into the woman's vagina during sexual intercourse. The opening to the vagina has folds of skin called labia that meet to form a vulva.

The urethra also opens into the vulva, but it is separate from the vagina. It passes urine out of the body from the bladder.