The present tense and reflexive verbs

Reflexive verbs are formed in the same way as regular -ar / -er / -ir verbs but include a reflexive pronoun (eg me, te, se).

Reflexive verbs are often used to describe actions that we do to ourselves. They are particularly useful when talking about daily routine. For example:

  • acostarse - to go to bed
  • ducharse - to have a shower
  • despertarse - to wake up
  • vestirse - to get dressed

They are also used for talking about relationships with other people. For example:

  • casarse - to get married
  • llevarse bien - to get on well
  • divorciarse - to get divorced
  • pelearse - to argue

The reflexive pronoun

The reflexive pronoun is attached to the end of the infinitive (eg bañarse - to have a bath).

In the present tense, the pronoun comes before the verb and changes according to the person (eg me baño - I have a bath, nos bañamos - we have a bath).

levantarse (to get up)
(yo)me levanto
(tu)te levantas
(él/ella/usted)se levanta
(nosotros/as)nos levantamos
(vosotros/as)os levantáis
(ellos/ellas/ustedes)se levantan

Reflexive verbs can be used in any tense, like any other verb.