Nature of social inequality

Social inequality is the extent to which there are differences between groups in society. Social inequality can be related to:

  • differences in incomes, ie rich and poor
  • gender
  • ethnicity
  • disabilities and health issues
  • age, ie children, young people, middle aged, pensioners

A huge range of reports and statistics published annually detail links between poverty, life expectancy, unemployment, mortality and morbidity rates and help to measure levels of inequality.

When referring to reports and statistics, it is important to recognise that each different source of information may have its own way of expressing inequality and compiling statistics. It is essential to ensure statistics are explained accurately and sources of information are cited for reference.