The name of a salt has two parts. The first part comes from the metal, metal oxide or metal carbonate. The second part comes from the acid.
You can always work out the name of the salt by looking at the reactants:
For example, if potassium oxide reacts with sulfuric acid, the products will be potassium sulfate and water.
The table shows some more examples.
|Sodium hydroxide||reacts with||Hydrochloric acid||to make||Sodium chloride|
|Copper(II) oxide||reacts with||Hydrochloric acid||to make||Copper(II) chloride|
|Sodium hydroxide||reacts with||Sulfuric acid||to make||Sodium sulfate|
|Zinc oxide||reacts with||Sulfuric acid||to make||Zinc sulfate|
|Sodium hydroxide||reacts with||Nitric acid||to make||Sodium nitrate|
|Copper(II) carbonate||reacts with||Nitric acid||to make||Copper(II) nitrate|
To write the symbol equations for the reactions of acids with these four different bases, you will need to learn the formulae of common substances, and how to write formulae from ions, both of which are covered in The nature of substances and chemical reactions.