Relations between Scotland and France

The Anglo-French War

Relations between France and England had soured during 1294 and by the following year, they were at war.

  • Edward demanded that all of his Lords fight with him, or if they could not, they had to send soliders to join his army.
  • He also demanded that King John and other Scots would have to fight.

The Scottish nobles refused for a number of reasons:

  • They thought Scotland was free.
  • They were friendly with France.
  • They did not want to help the English in battle.

The Franco-Scottish Treaty

A new group of 12 'Guardians of the Realm' was formed to take action against King Edward. The Guardians sent Scottish messengers to France to discuss how to deal with Edward I.

In February 1296 a Treaty was made between Scotland and France called the 'Auld Alliance'.

The Treaty stated that if France was attacked, Scottish forces would come to their aid. The French agreed to do the same if the situation was reversed.