A sacrament is a ceremony that Christians believe brings them closer to God and helps them to receive God’s grace. Sacraments are often described as visible signs of God’s grace, which is otherwise invisible. Some sacraments, such as baptism, mark the passing from one phase of life to another and happen just once in a lifetime. These are sometimes referred to as rites of passage.
Other Christian denominations recognise other sacraments. For example, the Catholic Church recognises seven sacraments, which are performed at special or challenging times in a person’s life when there is a particular need for God’s grace.
Some Christians, such as Quakers, do not perform any sacraments at all. They instead think of all actions as sacred. They believe that it is not necessary to use rituals and symbols to communicate with God or receive his grace.
Why do some Christian churches not accept the Catholic view that there are seven sacraments?
Because some churches believe that only baptism and the Eucharist were performed by Jesus, so only these two ceremonies can be understood to be sacraments.