Wherever possible, countries exploit the resources found in their tundra environments to help them increase income and secure energy supplies. To ensure the tundra is conserved for future generations, sustainable development is absolutely crucial for its survival.
Habitat Conservation Programmes are sometimes established in tundra environments to protect the unique home for tundra wildlife. In Canada and Russia, many tundra areas are protected through a national Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP). The BAP is an internationally recognised programme designed to protect and restore threatened species and habitats.
Reducing global warming is crucial to protecting the tundra environment because the heating up of Arctic areas is threatening the existence of this fragile environment. Most governments have promised to reduce greenhouse gases by signing up to the Kyoto Protocol. But the USA, the world's biggest greenhouse gas emitter, refuses to agree to the treaty.
Many countries have invested heavily in alternative sources of energy such as wind, wave and solar power. These sources of energy are renewable and more environmentally friendly than burning fossil fuels, which increases carbon emissions and global warming.
With energy consumption rising, it is important that industry, transportation and consumers in their homes use energy more efficiently, so that less is wasted. We need to reduce our carbon footprint, the amount of carbon that we produce. Everyone can help by making changes to their lifestyles and homes: