Places which experience an Arctic tundra climate include parts of:
It is useful to note that a second type of tundra, called alpine tundra exists on high-altitude mountain tops throughout the world.
Tundra environments are very cold with very little precipitation which falls mainly as snow. Temperatures remain below 0°C most of the year. Average annual temperatures are approximately -28°C and temperatures can plummet to as low as -70°C.
There is a broad temperature range as temperatures can rise to 12°C during the summer months. Tundra landscapes are sometimes referred to as cold deserts because the annual precipitation is less than 250 mm. The winds can be very strong and icy. Summers have several weeks of continuous daylight.
The sun shines virtually 24 hours a day, which is why the Arctic is also called the Land of the Midnight Sun. Winters are long and dark, and nights can last for weeks on end when the Sun barely rises.