Bonding in organic compounds

Carbon can form four covalent bonds, giving rise to many carbon compounds. It is easier to study these compounds by grouping them together into a homologous series.

In a homologous series.

  • they have the same general formula
  • their molecular formulae differ by CH2
  • they show a gradual variation in physical properties, such as their boiling points.
  • they have similar chemical properties.

For GCSE you will study 4 different homologous series