The Mishnah was formed due to fear that the Jewish people would lose their unity and beliefs if they were not in the Holy City.
It ran into 63 volumes, and Rabbi Judah (the rabbi most closely associated with the compilation of the Mishnah) then divided it into the following six sections:
|Name of Section||What matters does this section deal with?|
|Zeraim (‘seeds’)||prayer, agricultural matters such as giving crops to the poor, the tithing of farm produce and Shemitta – the year when no farming was to be done|
|Moed (‘festivals’)||the observance of the Sabbath and other festivals, temple sacrifice on these days, work which cannot be carried out, fasting and mourning|
|Nashim (‘women’)||issues surrounding marriage – betrothal, documents, vows, those who cannot marry, divorce|
|Nezikin (‘damages’)||damages, injury, compensations, fines, inheritance, the examination of witnesses, moral guidance|
|Kedoshim (‘holy matters’)||sacrifices within the temple, layout of the temple|
|Taharot (‘purities’)||purity of foods, how one might become pure or impure|
The Talmud is a commentary on the Mishnah. It came as a result of the study of the Mishnah from the end of the second century CE. The discussions between rabbis and students in academies in Israel and Babylon were written down.
There are two forms of the Talmud