Coasts can be protected from erosion through hard engineering, like sea walls, and soft engineering, like beach nourishment. These have both positive and negative effects.
Why are coastlines important?
They are a place for people to live and work
They are a habitat for wildlife
They are a place for people to live and work and a habitat for wildlife
What is hard engineering?
Something that is difficult to achieve
Something that works with nature by using natural materials
Something that involves building structures
What is a disadvantage of groynes?
They create problems elsewhere
They don't last very long
They involve the loss of land
What is an advantage of managed retreat?
It traps sediment to build up beaches
It creates new habitats
It helps to prevent flooding
Which of the following is a type of hard engineering?
Which of the following types of coastal management is a form of soft engineering?
Which form of coastal management is best at reducing longshore drift?
What percentage of the Maldives lies below sea level?
10 per cent
50 per cent
80 per cent
How are the problems of coastal erosion and flooding in the Maldives being made worse?
By climate change
By more people moving to the country
By global cooling
Which of the following is a problem caused by coastal flooding in the Maldives?
An increase in congestion
Fresh water supplies are polluted
Derelict land is created