Gradually, the use of gunpowder with cannons and muskets changed the nature of battles:
The wars with Louis XIV, at the start of the 18th century, were infantry wars with huge forces of foot soldiers armed with muskets and bayonets:
Henry VIII began to develop an English navy. Famous British ships from this time were the Mary Rose (1511) and the Great Harry (1514).
By the time of the Spanish Armada, English ships had developed a new way of fighting. Instead of grappling with the enemy, they stood off and attacked the enemy ships with their cannons.
By the 18th century the British navy ruled the seas. The British navy was vital in the creation of the British Empire.
During the wars with Louis XIV, the countries of Europe realised that, when King Charles II of Spain died, there would be a war over the Spanish Succession (who had the right to take over). They tried to prevent this by making treaties in 1698 and 1700. Although these treaties did not succeed in stopping the war, these were the first attempts at international cooperation for peace.